A call to join the
JAIVIK KRANTI
(LIVING REVOLUTION)

for ANNA SWARAJ 2020

Food is suppose to nourish us. Farming is the most important source of livelihood and sustenance in India. However, today farming has become a curse with more than 3000000 farmers committing suicide. Food has become a hazard and is the cause of the exploding epidemic of chronic diseases. We face a deepening agrarian, food, health and ecological crisis. Each of us is affected whether we be farmers or consumers, rural or urban, young or old, women or men. Each of us can be part of the solution. We can create a living revolution for life. Join the Jaivik Kranti for a healthy, ecologically sustainably, just and free India.

RIGHT TO LIFE IS OUR BIRTHRIGHT

Ecological Crisis

SOIL


4000 years ago the ancient Vedas of India had guided us “Upon this handful of soil our survival depends. Care for it, and it will grow our food, our fuel, our shelter and surround us with beauty. Abuse it, and the soil will collapse and die, taking humanity with it.”

We are losing fertile farmlands on a rapid rate, we are also losing soil. India’s Soil and Water are disappearing because of the non sustainable model of Green Revolution Agriculture. India looses 5,334 million tonnes of soil each year because of over use of fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides. The per hectare losses are 16.4 tonnes of soil annually.

BHU SWARAJ IS OUR BIRTHRIGHT

WATER

The country is experiencing severe drought across large areas affecting 330 million. Over exploitation of our rivers and groundwater for water intensive Green Revolution crops and de-struction of the water holding capacity of soils through chemical fertiliser are the major reasons for the drought crises. In addition, drought con-tributed by climate change to which Industrial Agriculture contributes 50% is intensifying droughts and floods.

The rough estimates of the cost of the 2016 drought of the Indian economy is at least Rs. 6,50,000crore or 100 billion dollars.

Floods in 2013 - 14 in 4 states have led to economic losses of over Rs. 19,000 crore and affected 19.3 million people. Apart from this the Uttarakhand floods alone caused over Rs.3000crore loss.

JAL SWARAJ IS OUR BIRTHRIGHT

Agrarian Crisis

Farmers Suicides

Debt: Nearly half of India's farmers are in debt according to a firstever situation assessment survey of farmers in the country. Of the 89.35 million rural households engaged in farming in India, nearly 43.42 million or 48.6% are in debt, reveals 'Indebtedness of farmer households', a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO). Increasing dependence on high cost seeds and chemical inputs and faling prices of their produce is the major cause of debt. Ecological agriculture can contribute to a debt free farming and create prosperity for our rural communities.

In 2016, the crop loans and farmers’ debt in India touches Rs. 72,000 crore.

A corporate controlled debt creating agriculture has triggered a suicide epidemic among Indian farmers. More than 300,000 farmers have committed suicide in India since 1995 - most of them in the Bt cotton areas. Marathwada and Vidarbha account for 75 percent of farmer suicides in Maharashtra. MNC’s are trying to control our seed and extract royalties. Farmers are being trapped in debt because of the high costs of purchased inputs seeds, chemicals, farm machinery. On 8th of March, 2016 the government took steps to regulate Bt. Cotton seed prices. Monsanto and the Biotech Industry challenged the government order Navdanya and the KRRS impleaded in the Karnataka High Court and were successful in upholding the seed price control order.

The Maharashtra state government appointed Farm Distress Management Task Force, in its report, has recommended that sugarcane and Bt Cotton be banned in Marathwada and Vidarbha. Both the “killer crops“ should be replaced with food crops like oil seeds, pulses, maize and sorghum with state incentive and support price protection.

GlOBALISATION/ FREE TRADE & THE DESTRUCTION OF OUR FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

Both the agrarian crises and the health and malnutrition crises are rooted in the rules of free trade in WTO allowing seed monopolies and dumping of toxic and inferior fake food and junk food.

Health & Malnutrition Crisis: The shift from commodity cash crops to nutritious , healthy foods which produce more nutrition per acre has become a food security imperative. Food related lifestyle diseases such as obesity, diabetes, infertility are on the rise. Cancer is also a major disease in the country that is affect-ing rural and urban India alike. There are about 800,000 new cases of cancer reported each year and about 1300 succumb to the disease each day in India. It is predicted that by 2030 diabetes may afflict up to 79.4 million individuals in India and WHO estimates that diabetes, heart disease and stroke together will cost about $ 333.6 billion over by 2018 in India alone.

There are about 800,000 new cases of cancer reported each year and about 1300 succumb to the disease each day in India. It is predicted that by 2030 diabetes may afflict up to 79.4 million individuals in India and WHO estimates that diabetes, heart disease and stroke together will cost about $ 333.6 billion over by 2018 in India alone.

Name of the States Urban Rural Total
Top 5
Madhya Pradesh 51.3 62.7 60
Jharkhand 38.8 60.7 56.5
Meghalaya 39.6 50.3 48.8
Chattisgarh 31.3 50.2 47.1
Bottom 5
Rajasthan 21.2 19.4 19.7
Mizoram 15.1 24.1 19.9
Manipur 19.1 23.3 22.1
Kerala 15.4 26.4 22.9
Goa 19.8 31.6 25
India 32.7 45.6 42.5

Food Slavery through Imports: India currently faces an acute shortage of dal and oilseeds. Both of which have made dal disappear from our staple diets and replaced them with fake dals such as yellow pea and I-Dals. Oil imports in 2017 are expected to increase by 25% making healthy oils unavailable to large section of Indian. The corporation are using artificial scarcity to introduce GM Mustard,GM Soya Bean, et al to further exploit our farmers and consumers.

Regarding the import of yellow peas this is what the CAG observes: “Without taking into consideration the food patterns, the Government in 2007 imported yellow peas. When the peas found no takers, they were sold after prolonged delays, at very low rates, with heavy losses to the importing agencies. The MoCA and F& PD decided in 2008 that the agencies need not go for further contracts of yellow peas, but the Union Cabinet in 2009 decided to allow the agencies to import these. The agencies continued to import even when they had huge unsold stocks, resulting in a loss of Rs. 897.37 crore, 75 per cent of the total loss of Rs. 1,201.32 crore.”

Source: http://www.infodriveindia.com/india-import-data/yellow-peas-import-data.aspx

With an artificially created dal crisis the government is importing and producing fake i- dal made of soya flour coloured yellow, a yellow pea dal, which is not tur, nor chana, but is being sold as a substitute for both. Dal imports are sending a signal to our farmers to not grow dal. This will aggravate the dal crisis and make our real dals more expensive.

India imported about 5.1 million tonnes of pulses till January 2016 compared to 4.1 million tonnes last year. Imports of inferior and toxic food must stop.

Oil Year (Nov. Oct.) Production of Oil Seeds Net availability of edible oils from all domestic sources Imports Total availability of edible oils
2005-2006 279.79 83.16 40.91 124.07
2006-2007 242.89 73.70 46.05 119.75
2007-2008 297.55 86.54 54.34 140.88
2008-2009 277.19 84.56 74.98 159.54
2009-2010 248.83 79.46 74.64 154.1
2010-2011 324.79 97.82 72.42 170.24
2011-2012 297.98 89.57 99.43 189
2012-2013 309.43 92.19 106.05 198.24
2012-2013 328.79 100.80 109.76 210.56
2014-2015 266.75 89.78 127.31 217.09

Losses due to import of pulses

  • Losses of foreign exchange for imports - During 2012-13, about $2.3 billion (4.1 metric tonnes) was imported. (IIPR.2011).
  • For the year 2015-2016, imports of pulses are supposed to rise to 5.5million tonnes costing India $4.5 billion.
  • Losses due to waste and corruption according to CAG report Rs. 1,200 crore for 2.2million tonnes import in 2012.
  • For 5.5 million tonnes this translates into more than Rs.3000 crore in 2015 or $500 million.
  • Losses to people's healh and nutrition due to import of nutritionally inferior pulses is million tonnes of protein.
  • Losses to Soil Health due to not growing nitrogen fixing pulses 1.1 billion kg of soil nirogen.

ANNA SWARAJ/FOOD SOVERIGNTY IS OUR BIRTHRIGHT

BIOPIRACY & PATENT MONOPOLY:

Global corporations introduced the TRIPS agreement to create monopolies in seed and medicine. Through our democratic processes we introduce safe guards in our laws such as Article 3D and 3J in our patent law and farmers rights in our plant variety protection and farmers rights act. Corporations also are trying to pirate our seeds and indigenous knowledge though biopiracy. Navdanya has successfully challenged the biopiracy patents of neem, wheat, basmati and melon. Unfortunately the new IPR policy opens the floodgates of the biopiracy of our biodiversity and indigenous knowledge. We must defend our knowledge sovereignty.

The new national IPR policy opens the floodgates of the biopiracy of our biodiversity and indigenous knowledge and create monopolies through the enclosures of the commons. It is a reversal of India’s commitment to protect her biodiversity and the public and national inter-est and must be revoked.

GYAN SWARAJ IS OUR BIRTHRIGHT

JAIVIK KRANTI FOR ANNA SWARAJ

Actions for Rejuvenating India’s Agriculture, Food & Health by Regenerat-ing our Soil, Water, Biodiversity
Join us in this living revolution for rejuvenating life.

Jaivik Kranti ke Nav Sutra

  1. Jaivik Kranti has become an imperative to rejuvenate India’s soil, water , and biodi-versity –the ecological basis of sustenance and the economy. Jaivik Kheti (Organic farming) conserves and regenerates resources while liberating farmers from purchasing costly seeds and toxic chemicals. It brings us health and liberates us from disease.
    Join us in this Living Revolution for rejuvenating life.
  2. Reclaim Bija Swaraj(Seed Sovereignty) - Develop community seed banks to save, breed and multiply native seeds and prevent the biopiracy of indigenous seeds and plants. Join the Seed Satyagraha to stop Patents on Seeds and Patents on Life. Boycott GM seeds like Bt cotton.
  3. Rejuvenate Biodiversity- through growing diversity and not monocultures. Revive the traditional crops like dals, pulses, millets and native varieties and promote mixed farming and not monocultures. Biodiversity produces more food and nutrition per acre by being climate resilient and pest resilient.
  4. Practise and promote Jaivik Kheti (Organic Farming ) -Make farms and farmers free of external chemicals and move towards traditional methods of farming, that have sustained India for past 8000 years.
  5. Rejuvenate water through Organic farming - 0.5% organic matter in the soil con-serves 80,000 litres per hectare. We have to grow more water prudent millets which provide more nutrition per drop. We do not just need more “crop per drop” we need more “drop per crop”. Biodiverse organic systems rejuvenate water. Resist privatisation and commodification of water through Jal Satyagraha. Create Jal Swaraj (Water Democracy ) and restore water as a commons and a right for all Indians.
  6. Rejuvenate Soil through Organic farming - Protect farmland from concentration and land grab. Create Bhu Swaraj (Land Sovereignty) to save our fertile soils from water logging, erosion, salinisation, et al.
  7. Create Climate Resilient system with biodiversity and organic farming - Co-evolving climate resilience in native seeds and farms through organic farming and participatory biodiverse breeding is the only solution to climate change that will make our food system self sustaining and resilient.
  8. Promote Health and Nutrition - Grow nutritious crops on farms and in Gardens of Hope everywhere-in schools, in panchayats , in communities , in terraces and balco-nies urban to be nutrition sovereign and keep our health through our food in our hands.
  9. Promote local indigenous processing of food for health and sustainable livelihoods-Join the Mahila Anna Swaraj movement for promoting and defending the cultural diversity of our foods. Boycott junk food and industrially processed food with are laden with toxins and adulterants.
  10. Create Anna Swaraj 2020 - Build food sovereign households, villages, cities and India through Annapurna Networks and Anna Swaraj Circles linking farmers as pro-ducers and co-consumers as co-producers. Decentralise and revive the fair price sys-tem so that trillions of rupees of subsidies can bring healthy, nutritious organic food to the poorest instead feeding them subsidised nutritionally empty toxic foods.

Creating a Food Sovereign, Sustainable, Healthy & Free India.

For more information: www.navdanya.org, www.seedfreedom.info,
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contact us: navdanya@gmail.com,
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